The new paradigm of NICU care

A commentary argues that for too long we have thought of newborns as isolated organisms. In reality, neonates are dependent on their family for biopscyhosocial support that the medical system cannot substitute for. Over time the paradigm of neonatal care has shifted to one that recognizes the importance of breast milk, skin-to-skin care, integration of parents into medical decision-making, single family private rooms, and an optimal exposure to sound and light. There is also greater recognition of the psychological effects of NICU care on the parents of infants and health professionals.

Development of care in the NICU. White RD 2014.