Risk factors for morbidity in term neonates

A prospective two-year cohort study of term neonates without major congenital anomalies determined the antepartum and intrapartum factors associated with a composite measure of neonatal morbidity, defined as one or more of the following: hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, meconium aspiration with pulmonary hypertension, requirement of hypothermia therapy, respiratory distress syndrome, seizures, sepsis or suspected sepsis, or death. Significant risk factors for these composite morbidity were: nulliparity, presence of meconium, first stage of labor greater than the 95th percentile, second stage of labor greater than the 95th percentile, pregestational diabetes, chronic hypertension, obesity, maternal intrapartum fever, and cesarean delivery.

Risk factors for serious morbidity in term non-anomalous neonates. Spain et al, 2015