A randomized (unblinded) study compared the effects of resuscitating infants 24 – 29 weeks at birth with either a face mask or a nasal tube to provide positive pressure ventilation. Both these devices were connected to a T-piece resuscitator. Resuscitation protocols were standardized. The study was terminated early on the grounds of futility. However, rates of intubation were similar (just over 50%) in each group, and there were no differences between the two groups in short-term outcomes.