Does early intervention for preterm infants work?

A randomized trial from Australia of 120 children born less than 30 weeks gestation compared the long-term effects (at age eight years) of early intervention versus standard care. The early intervention group received nine home visits over the first year of life focusing on infant development, parental mental health, and parent-infant relationship. At eight years corrected age, infants in this group were less likely to have difficulties with mathematics, and their parents had less depression than in the standard treatment group. No effect was noted on other developmental outcomes.

School age outcomes of early intervention for preterm infants and their parents. Spittle et al. 2016.