Category: Radiology

Is a routine MRI in preterm infants useful?

A multicenter randomized trial compared preterm infants less than 33 weeks at birth for whom results of both cranial ultrasound and cranial MRI at term gestation were available, to similar infants for whom only ultrasound results were available. Each group…

MRI score to predict poor outcome after perinatal asphyxia

Investigators from the Netherlands and Sweden developed a scoring system for brain injury using MRI images (including diffusion weighted imaging) from neonates 36 weeks gestation or greater with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy treated with total body hypothermia. The scoring system allocated…

Lung ultrasound findings in meconium aspiration syndrome

In the first published description of lung ultrasound findings in meconium aspiration syndrome, a series of six neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome underwent lung ultrasound in the first few hours after birth. Dynamic findings noted on ultrasound were: B-pattern (interstitial)…

The value of bedside ultrasound

Point-of-care (bedside) ultrasound is increasingly being recommended as a valuable diagnostic and assessment tool in pediatric practice. Its use is growing rapidly in pediatric emergency medicine, critical care, and neonatology. It can aid in the performance of invasive procedures, focus…

Lung ultrasound in neonates

Ultrasound of the lung can be used to assess neonatal respiratory conditions and is an emerging bedside technique. All signs of lung ultrasound emerge from the pleural line, and are based mainly on artifacts (traditionally considered undesirable). These artifacts arise…