Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the Level 4 NICU

A single center retrospective review of over 5000 infants from a quaternary neonatal intensive care unit found that 2% of infants received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the median duration of chest compression was 2 minutes. Adrenaline was administered in 30% of CPR events. Almost 40% of the infants that received CPR died before hospital discharge. Infants who were on inotrope treatment prior to CPR and those that received adrenaline during the CPR had a higher risk of dying.

Incidence, characteristics, and survival following cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the quaternary neonatal intensive care unit. Foglia et al, 2017